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Taken 1-Dec-07
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Keywords:Texas Historical Marker, Bandera Historical Marker, Old Texas Ranger Trail
Photo Info

Dimensions3008 x 2000
Original file size2.94 MB
Image typeJPEG
Color spacesRGB
Date taken1-Dec-07 17:34
Date modified1-Dec-07 17:34
Shooting Conditions

Camera makeNIKON CORPORATION
Camera modelNIKON D50
Focal length30 mm
Focal length (35mm)45 mm
Max lens aperturef/4.1
Exposure1/320 at f/9
FlashNot fired
Exposure bias0 EV
Exposure modeAuto
Exposure prog.Normal
Metering modePattern
Digital zoom1x
Old Texas Ranger Trail

Old Texas Ranger Trail

Bandera
Bandera County, Texas
29 42.592' N 99 04.401' W

Text: This winding, 100-mile trail from San Antonio to Kerrville was, during the 19th century, a strategic patrol road traveled by Texas Rangers to protect the surrounding area from hostile Indian attacks. During uneasy pioneer days roads such as this, regularly scouted by Rangers, helped promote early white settlement by strengthening frontier defense. Because Bandera was located midway on the trail and because Bandera Pass, 10 miles north, frequently harbored Indian ambushers, the town became a focal point for Ranger activities along the road. Perhaps the best-known battle to occur on the old route happened in Bandera Pass in the spring of 1841. At that time a company of 40 Texas Rangers, under intrepid Indian fighter Capt. "Jack" Hays, was on a scouting mission in the Guadalupe Mountains. Halfway through the pass, they were suddenly attacked by several hundred wild Comanches who lay hidden in the brush and behind boulders in the narrow gorge. A bloody fight ensued, much of it hand-to-hand combat with Bowie knives; but after their chief was slain, the Indians withdrew and finally escaped. Thus the Rangers and this trail helped remove the Indian menace and open the frontier across Texas.