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Taken 9-Sep-17
Visitors 16


18 of 30 photos
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Categories & Keywords

Category:Travel and Places
Subcategory:North America
Subcategory Detail:United States of America
Keywords:Karnes County Historical Marker, Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary Catholic Cemetery
Photo Info

Dimensions4288 x 2848
Original file size4.73 MB
Image typeJPEG
Color spacesRGB
Date taken9-Sep-17 10:29
Date modified9-Sep-17 10:29
Shooting Conditions

Camera makeNIKON CORPORATION
Camera modelNIKON D90
Focal length34 mm
Focal length (35mm)51 mm
Max lens aperturef/4.3
Exposure1/160 at f/13
FlashNot fired, auto mode
Exposure bias0 EV
Exposure modeAuto
Exposure prog.Unknown
ISO speedISO 200
Metering modePattern
Digital zoom1x
Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary Catholic Cemetery

Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary Catholic Cemetery

Cestohowa
Karnes County, Texas
29 00.423' N 97 56.169' W
Directions: Start at the intersection of FM-3191 and CR-389. Go 300 yards south on CR-389. The cemetery is on the right (west) side of the road.

Text: Jacob Lyssy (1837-1880) and John Pawlik, Jr. (1845-1912) of the Czestochowa parish each donated one acre of land to Bishop Anthony D. Pellicer of the Archdiocese of San Antonio to be used as a burial ground for the newly established Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary Catholic Church at Czestochowa (later spelled Cestohowa). The town also was known as St. Joe because of the St. Joseph Catholic School there. Early graves were often unmarked, or their markers were displaced. The earliest marked grave is that of Franciscus Gawlik, who died in August 1878. Spanish influenza attacked the lives of many Texans during the epidemic of 1918 to 1920. Several graves date from that period, including those of Frances Moczygemba Gawlik and three of her children, who died in the same week of March, 1920. Most grave markers were inscribed in Polish until the 1930s. Among the graves of interest are those of many persons who were instrumental in the formation of the Czestochowa parish. The Rev. Stanislaus Przyborowski (1872-1957) served the Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary Catholic Church for 35 years and established several other Catholic churches in the area. The Rev. Edward Dworaczyk (1906-1965) was the author of many Polish history books. Of the more than 75 military veterans interred here by the year 2000, several served in the Confederate Army. Others served in World War I, World War II, the Korean War and the Vietnam War. At the dawn of the 21st century there were 864 graves in this cemetery. Various caretakers and volunteer labor continued to maintain the site, which remains a chronicle of Polish American settlement in Texas.